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History of Ngorongoro – The Conservation Area & Crater

Ngorongoro is a district/region located in North Tanzania. It is famously known for the History of Ngorongoro as UNESCO world heritage site that is home to one of Africa’s Seven Natural wonders, the magical Ngorongoro Crater, the largest intact extinct largest volcanic caldera in the world and a long deep ravine, the Olduvai Gorge.

Due to the areas’ unique and rich biodiversity that comprises of the diverse wildlife that consists of over 110 different animal species and over 400 different bird’s species coexisting with the Maasai semi nomadic pastoralists.

Ngorongoro Crater, the heart and highlight of the conservation area is an unbroken caldera. It was formed when the mountain top collapsed into itself after a massive eruption over 2 million years ago.

The History of Ngorongoro led to the creation of the largest volcanic caldera in the world. Over the years formed a diverse ecosystem. Comprising of green montane forests on the walls of the crater… Open grassland, woodlands, marsh swamps and an alkaline soda lake. It supports 30,000 animals, big and small and hundreds of different species of birds.

You are guaranteed to set your eyes on…. The lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo and the black rhino, the famous African Big FIVE among many other animals. With exemption of the giraffes which are not found at the floor of the crater. But can be found outside the crater within the Ngorongoro conservation area.

The crater also boosts of having the densest population of predators in all Africa. Jackals, bat eared foxes, cheetahs, spotted hyenas and leopards are the other predators in the crater.

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